How to guides

The 'How To' series is a set of articles aimed at busy clinicians.

How to flyers

Produced by the Academic Section of Medical Education within the Deanery, the series provides a comprehensive overview of a range of educational topics in a readily accessible format. Our 'Deanery update' issues detail the various central support facilities available within the Deanery.

Suggestions for other topics, offers to write articles or to write collaboratively with the Series Editor, Dr Michal Tombs, will be welcomed.

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Author: Supachai Chuenjitwongsa
Delphi is a research survey technique used as a way of collecting data from respondents within their domain of expertise.  Its aim is to deal with divergent opinions or controversial issues to...
Author: Celia Beynon, Sejal Bhatt, Eley Chiu, Joanna Webb & Yaser Zeitoun
The balance between safe service delivery and ongoing postgraduate medical education is delicate.  Teaching and learning in the presence of patients adds another layer of tension, which has to be...
Author: Laura Duerden, Gill Salmon, Stephen Usher & Mohamed Alshahrani
This How to highlights the potential issues that can arise when involving patients in clinical teaching.  Communication is crucial, by taking appropriate patient consent and informing patients about...
Author: Susan Jamieson
Qualitative research is concerned with exploring phenomena and understanding social situations.  Growing interest in medical education research has led to a greater appreciation that qualitative...
Author: Khalid Almisnid, Emma Wales, Robert Whitham & Summia Zaher
Providing learners with the knowledge, skills and attitudes required for the roles they are undertaking are central pillars of medical education.  By making learning experiences more authentic, the...
Author: Ceri Evans, Abdulmohsen Alomair, Nada Bashar, Jayan George, Maung Moe, Madeleine Attridge, Penny Blake, Dafydd Evans, Lisa Railton
Emotions influence learning by affecting our thinking, behaviour and memory.  Emotional learning attempts to create a caring and engaging learning environment.
Author: Janet MacDonald
Case studies and scenarios have been used in a variety of different formats in medical education as ways to assist learning.  Problem Based Learning is now a common mode of delivery for many...
Author: Peter Donnelly and Paul Kirk
Leadership in the NHS leads to improved services to patients.  Furthermore, it has been shown that the more engaged doctors are in leadership within the NHS, the more improvement there is to services...
Author: Peter Donnelly and Daniel Rigler
The definition of leadership has been much debated for many years with no single terms seemingly able to satisfy all situations and all Academics.  Most frequently leadership is seen as the action of...
Author: Simon Li
Given the huge expansion in medical knowledge it is both practical and expedient to make better use of students' time with aids for effective learning, rather than by increasing the length of time it...
Author: Simon Watts
Q Methodology is a research technique, and associated set of theoretical and methodological concepts, originated and developed by William Stephenson (assistant to the famous psychologist Charles...
Author: Dr Sue West-Jones, Dr Daniel Rigler, Dr Syed Hammad Hassan & Dr Joel Tay
Why receive feedback?   Feedback is central to the development of any form of education.  The provision of medical education is highly reliant on clinician-teachers, often motivated individuals but...
Author: Sandeep Kamath
SAS Doctors have always been in the forefront of service delivery in the NHS.  They have been the backbone of any department in provision of clinical care and supporting their consultant colleagues...
Author: Frauke Pelz
Clinical teaching and training have always been integral parts of working and passing on skills and experiences in the medical profession.
Author: Lynne Allery
An educational game is a specific learning tool which requires learners to engage in some form of competitive activity undertaken within in a set of predefined rules. Educational games make use of...
Author: Katie Laugharne
Revalidation, a statutory process managed by the General Medical Council (GMC), commenced for all doctors in the UK in December 2012. Revalidation is designed to enable the GMC to confirm that...
Author: Ashley Newton
The word doctor is derived from the Latin, docco, which means to teach (Shapiro, 2001). In medicine, GPs, hospital doctors, students and juniors engage with medical education on a daily basis. It is...
Author: Ansell, J. Beamish, A. Warren, N. Donnelly, P. Torkington, J.
There are important decisions to consider before embarking on postgraduate research. Guidance for the trainee has conventionally been through advice sought from supervisors and seniors. This article...
Author: Melanie Jones
Career pathways need to be flexible, adaptive and responsive to changes in personal circumstances against a background of the current climate of financial constraints and organisational change.
Author: Phil Matthews
The Bookmark standard setting method was developed in 1996 by CTB/McGraw-Hill research scientists. It relatively quickly became widely used in American secondary and higher education settings; and by...
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