How to guides

The 'How To' series is a set of articles aimed at busy clinicians.

How to flyers

Produced by the Academic Section of Medical Education within the Deanery, the series provides a comprehensive overview of a range of educational topics in a readily accessible format. Our 'Deanery update' issues detail the various central support facilities available within the Deanery.

Suggestions for other topics, offers to write articles or to write collaboratively with the Series Editor, Dr Michal Tombs, will be welcomed.

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Author: Cindy Johnson and James Bird
Reflective practice is often confused with reflection. However it is not a contemplative state, rather it is a challenging process that can often be best achieved by developing a relationship with...
Author: Janet Macdonald
It is important for trainers to appreciate that the same questioning skills and strategies that are used in the clinical consultation can always be further developed and incorporated into teaching...
Author: Liz Anderson
We all aspire to be enthusiastic educators. We know that learning in small groups is a powerful and stimulating experience. But when we are asked to deliver this type of teaching, we need to think of...
Author: Harish Thampy and Zirva Ahmad
The use of technology enhanced learning within medical education is gaining increasing prominence as newer, cost-effective and user friendly tools and devices become marketed. One such tool, audience...
Author: Stephen Brigley
Both lectures and large group teaching sessions have a long history as modes of delivery of medical education.  Despite the introduction of a variety of different teaching techniques over time, small...
Author: Stirling Pugh
What marks medical education out as different from other branches of education is the role of the patient. In the clinical environment, the patient may or may not be a physical presence, but they are...
Author: Lesley Pugsley
It is important to recognise that public speaking is a skill and in common with other skills, it is possible to learn how to give an effective presentation. You should use every opportunity available...
Author: Janet MacDonald and Clare Kell
Teaching is a task undertaken by many health care professionals, often without the opportunity to analyse and further develop these skills. Peer review of teaching is a chance for colleagues to help...
Author: Adesh Ramsewak
A poster presentation can display scientific work, case presentations or medical education data.  It is used to deliver a message or finding and is a testament to the saying ‘a picture is worth a...
Author: Tom Hayes and Lesley Pugsley
Handouts are a common accompaniment to lectures, small group sessions, seminars and other educational events. They can also be designed to act as patient information sheets, detailing clinical...
Author: Lesley Pugsley
The ability to effectively present information is one of the skills that an educator needs. Media and technologies offer powerful potentials for enhancing the learning process, and as Smaldino et al...
Author: Janet MacDonald & Rhys ap Delwyn Phillips
Course organisers often receive criticisms from participants when lecturers and facilitators fail to meet both the expectations and needs of course participants.
Author: Lynne A Allery
Small groups provide an excellent format for interactive learning. Trainees and students can be encouraged to debate ideas and explore concepts within a safe environment.
Author: Chris Lambert and Huw Lloyd-Williams
In this “How to” guide we show how simulation can be incorporated into everyday clinical practice. Simulation plays an important role in patient safety, by rehearsing the management of uncommon...
Author: Janet MacDonald
The role of the Educational Supervisor has changed and developed in recent years with the various responsibilities being specifically identified within the Gold Guide (2010).
Author: Dr Alka S Ahuja
Patient involvement is now playing an increasing role part in the political and health arena. Patients have valuable knowledge and expertise to offer which provide stimulating and challenging...
Author: Dr Alan Stone
Written feedback is given following assignments with the intention of closing the gap between the achieved standard and the desired standard. It has long been recognised as one of the main catalysts...
Author: Zoe Morris-Williams and Andrew Grant
Mentoring is very much an education buzz word, but it is not a modern day invention. Greek mythology tells the story of Mentor, an alias of Athena the goddess of wisdom, who was charged by Ulysses to...
Author: Rini Paul, Andrew J Beamish, Victoria E.A. Suter, Chetan K. Ruprai, Iyad Al-Muzaffar, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen
In the first of this two part series Cindy Johnson and James Bird considered How to Teach Reflective Practice. Empirical evidence suggests it should be an essential lifelong skill for competent...
Author: Sally Blake and Peter Donnelly
Coaching is a technique used to help another learn and as a result generate solutions for themselves. Coaching is underpinned by adult learning theory, life – stage developments and reflective...
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